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Preprints, Working Papers, ... (Preprint) Year : 2023

Sliding and merging of strongly sheared droplets


A mathematical and numerical framework is proposed to compute the displacement and merging dynamics of sliding droplets under the action of a constant shear exerted by a gas flow. An augmented formulation is implemented to model surface tension including the full curvature of the free surface. A set of shallow-water evolution equations for the film thickness, the averaged velocity, an additional quantity (with dimension of a velocity) taking into account the capillary effects, and a tensor called enstrophy, is obtained. The enstrophy accounts for the deviation of the velocity profile from a constant velocity distribution. The formulation is consistent with the long-wave expansion of the basic equations with a conservative part and source terms including the effect of viscosity, in the form of a viscous friction, and the effect of the shear stress. The model is hyperbolic with generalized diffusion terms due to capillarity. Finally, our model is completed with a disjoining pressure formulation that is able to account for the hysteresis of the static contact angle. In this formulation, the advancing or receding nature of the contact line is assessed by the accumulation or reduction of mass of the droplet at the contact line. Simulations of sliding water droplets are performed with periodic boundary conditions in a domain of limited size. Hysteresis of the static contact angle causes a slowdown of the drops and a delay in the sequence of coalescence of the drops.
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Dates and versions

hal-04193284 , version 1 (01-09-2023)


  • HAL Id : hal-04193284 , version 1


C Ruyer-Quil, D Bresch, M Gisclon, G L Richard, M Kessar, et al.. Sliding and merging of strongly sheared droplets. 2023. ⟨hal-04193284⟩
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