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Journal Articles Carbon Year : 2020

Microstructural analysis of nitrogen-doped char by Raman spectroscopy: Raman shift analysis from first principles

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Abstract

Nitrogen-doped materials are known to possess unique functional properties, making these materials potentially useful for environmental applications, heterogeneous catalysis, and electronics. In this paper we constructed first principles-based models of various polyaromatic structures containing N functionalities to better understand the effect of these functional groups on char Raman spectra. The presence of N functional groups induces active vibrations in the regions between 1400 and 1550 cm−1 and 1605-1650 cm−1. We used these insights to inform the deconvolution of N-doped cellulose char produced between 350 and 700 °C using cellulose/melamine blends 2:1. A consistent increase in the intensity of the D and G bands is observed with temperature, which is related to an increase in size of the aromatic cluster. A consistent decrease in the A (the valley region) band is related to the loss of heteroatoms (mainly N and O) as the carbonization temperature increases from 350 to 700 °C. Although the modeling results reported in this manuscript are used to inform the deconvolution of N-doped char Raman spectra, they are also relevant to study other nanocarbon-based materials.
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Dates and versions

hal-02638698 , version 1 (16-07-2020)

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Michael Ayiania, Elsa Weiss-Hortala, Matthew Smith, Jean-Sabin Mcewen, Manuel Garcia-Perez. Microstructural analysis of nitrogen-doped char by Raman spectroscopy: Raman shift analysis from first principles. Carbon, 2020, 167, pp.559-574. ⟨10.1016/j.carbon.2020.05.055⟩. ⟨hal-02638698⟩
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